Education

What is CBD, what is THC, CBD vs THC, what are cannabinoids,
what is cannabinoid synergy, the endocannabinoid system.

Cannabis is one of the oldest and most versatile medicines in the world. For centuries, different forms of the plant have been used to treat many different conditions and symptoms. Cannabis has been used to relieve a myriad of symptoms and conditions including pain and anxiety, reduce inflammation, encourage sleep, and prevent seizures. Please note, while research has shown cannabis to be effective in providing wonderful benefits for people suffering from a wide range of conditions and symptoms, always seek the advice of your physician or contact us for a private consultation before starting any new treatment utilizing medical cannabis and, of course, the content contained herein should not be seen as medical advice or a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Whether you are just beginning to explore the medicinal powers of cannabis or have been self-medicating for years, we hope that you will find value in the information below.

Understanding the differences between CBD and THC

Understanding the effects of CBD is confusing when THC is sometimes mentioned too. Do they come from the same plant? Do they both make you ‘high’? How are they different, and how does a game of cbd vs thc play out? In order to help you, we’ve put together an informative guide on how to explain their differences.

What is CBD?

CBD stands for cannabidiol. It’s a cannabinoid – a natural compound – that’s found in cannabis plants (also known as cannabis sativa). It is not considered a controlled substance and is 100% non-psychoactive, which means it doesn’t make you feel “high”.

What is THC?

THC stands for tetrahydrocannabinol and is also a cannabinoid found in cannabis plants (there are over 100 different cannabinoids in total). THC is the compound that’s responsible for causing the marijuana ‘high’. Because it’s considered a controlled substance, it is often deemed illegal.

Does CBD have THC in it?

CBD does not have any THC in it as they are two different compounds. However, it’s important to know that CBD hemp products often have a very small percentage (0.3%) of THC, due to both compounds being in the cannabis plant when the CBD product is made – be it tinctures, oils, edibles, etc.

How is CBD different to THC?

Put simply, THC gets you ‘high’ while CBD won’t. This is because CBD does not bind effectively to our endocannabinoid system – the body’s unique system that regulates elements such as sleep, appetite and our immune system. It’s this binding action that gives you that ‘high’ feeling. THC initiates a psychological response via the endocannabinoid system’s cannabinoid 1 receptors (CBD1), found primarily in the central nervous system and the brain. When the CB1 receptor is activated, it produces a psychoactive effect. CBD doesn’t bind with the CB1 receptors and so has no effect on your perception or sensorial experiences. In fact, research has suggested that when CBD is taken with THC, it can lessen the psychotropic effects of THC by suppressing the CB1-activating qualities and so protecting the consumer from getting too high.

Their atomic arrangement is different?

Without getting too scientific, CBD and THC may share the same chemical composition, but their atomic arrangements are different. Both of them are considered cyclic compounds, which means one or more of the atoms in the compounds connect to form a ring. CBD has an open ring, while THC has a closed ring. Why does this matter? It’s this arrangement that means they interact differently with the endocannabinoid system’s receptors.

CBD is abundant in hemp, THC dominates other forms of cannabis

While THC and CBD are both found in cannabis plants, THC is most plentiful in other forms of cannabis while CBD is found in higher quantities in hemp. When other types of cannabis are grown, the THC content tends to be maximized to produce more powerful intoxicating effects. Hemp, on the other hand, is dominated by CBD. In order for a cannabis plant to be classified as ‘hemp’, its THC content is to be no more than 0.3%.

CBD can possibly reduce anxiety. THC may worsen it

Here at RSAMMD, we’re avid believers in the wonderful benefits of CBD oil And medical studies have suggested that CBD can help with social anxiety and panic attacks. THC, on the other hand, can in fact worsen anxiety and increase paranoia in some people, as suggested by other medical studies. However, some studies have suggested that when THC is combined with CBD, the negative effects are lessened.

Hemp-derived CBD is legal in most countries. THC is not.

Other forms of cannabis and cannabis-derived CBD will get you ‘high’ because of their large amounts of THC (around 30%). This means that they’re often illegal in many countries around the world. However, when CBD is derived from the hemp plant, it has such minute levels of THC that many countries have no laws against its use. Click here to see if CBD is legal in your country.

How are CBD and THC the same?

  • Both are cannabinoids
  • Both interact with the body through the endocannabinoid system
  • Both are thought to potentially provide anti-inflammatory qualities
  • Both can be smoked or vaporised

And how are CBD and THC different?

  • CBD isn’t a controlled substance, THC is
  • CBD will not make you high, THC will
  • They have different atomic arrangements
  • CBD is abundant in hemp, THC dominates other forms of cannabis
  • Hemp-derived CBD is legal in most countries, THC is not

What are the different CBD and THC
products available through
prescription?

It’s important to remember that while CBD and THC are often delivered together in a CBD product, they have different effects. For example:

Indica

High THC + low CBD
(10-30% THC + trace amounts of CBD)

This will provide that euphoric, ‘high’ feeling.

Sativa

Balanced CBD/THC
(5-15% THC and CBD)

This will be a little more euphoric than CBD-strong strains, but it is less likely to induce THC’s negative side effects in the consumer such as paranoia and anxiety.

Ruderalis

High CBD + low THC
(5-20% CBD + THC under 5%)

This will not get you high and can in fact provide some wonderful benefits. Here at RSAMMD, all our products are CBD dominant. If you’re curious about cannabis products, then head over to our online shop If you need a helping hand making an informed decision, you can also send us a message via our chat bot or drop us an email — our support team will be happy to help.

Oil Production

RSAMMD makes use of a cold manufacturing process to reproduce a similar chemical composition in our oils to that which is found in the original hemp plant. Throughout the ages, this equilibrium has been thought to be effective in aiding the healing of the human body and maintaining good health. After harvesting the plants, a supercritical CO2 extraction process is used to produce the highest quality oil available on the market.

Our expertise in the extraction process allows us to use the purest and most efficient methods to produce extremely high-grade hemp oil. Advantages of supercritical CO2 extraction:Low extraction temperatures ensure that the full spectrum of beneficial molecules is preserved.Safe, gentle and environmentally friendly.CO2 extraction is sustainable. Only the Finest CBD oil on Earth:Hemp contains low levels of THC and has been harvested for centuries for its plethora of uses. It can be used for many things from rope production to building materials, biofuels and plastics.

What Is Cannabinoid Synergy?

Each cannabinoid has its own individual properties, which is creating excitement in the scientific community. Besides terpenoids and cannabinoids, hemp contains many other vitamins, minerals, phytosterols, pigments, proteins, enzymes, essential sugars, polyphenol antioxidants, flavonoids and essential fatty acids. While isolated cannabinoids have their own characteristic properties, the different compounds have synergistic effects when the whole symphony of phytonutrients are consumed together.

Synergy means that the combined effect is greater than the sum of the individual parts. Another way of thinking of this is 1+1. You know that 1+1 = 2. When hemp phytonutrients are consumed together, as they naturally occur in the plant, the nutritional benefits multiply, and it’s as if 1+1 now equals 3, or 4 or more!

What Is Cannabinoid Synergy?

Each cannabinoid has its own individual properties, which is creating excitement in the scientific community. Besides terpenoids and cannabinoids, hemp contains many other vitamins, minerals, phytosterols, pigments, proteins, enzymes, essential sugars, polyphenol antioxidants, flavonoids and essential fatty acids. While isolated cannabinoids have their own characteristic properties, the different compounds have synergistic effects when the whole symphony of phytonutrients are consumed together.

Synergy means that the combined effect is greater than the sum of the individual parts. Another way of thinking of this is 1+1. You know that 1+1 = 2. When hemp phytonutrients are consumed together, as they naturally occur in the plant, the nutritional benefits multiply, and it’s as if 1+1 now equals 3, or 4 or more!

The Endocannabinoid System

The endocannabinoid system is a biological system, which plays many important roles in the human body. It is also responsible for the physical and psychological effects of cannabis. Scientists first discovered the system while trying to understand the effects of cannabis, and named it the endocannabinoid system for this reason. Endo stands for endogenous, which means originating within the body. Every major civilization in history has recognized hemp as #1 on its list of important plants.

The ancient Chinese, Indians, Egyptians, Assyrians, Persians, Greeks and Romans all revered hemp as an incomparable source of food and medicine. Now modern science is validating what the ancients all knew — and uncovering exciting new discoveries about hemp and the Endocannabinoid System. We are hard-wired with a system of cannabinoid receptors throughout our brains and bodies. When these receptors are activated, they enable two-way communication between body systems; something previously thought to be impossible.

The Endocannabinoid System

The endocannabinoid system is a biological system, which plays many important roles in the human body. It is also responsible for the physical and psychological effects of cannabis. Scientists first discovered the system while trying to understand the effects of cannabis, and named it the endocannabinoid system for this reason. Endo stands for endogenous, which means originating within the body. Every major civilization in history has recognized hemp as #1 on its list of important plants.

The ancient Chinese, Indians, Egyptians, Assyrians, Persians, Greeks and Romans all revered hemp as an incomparable source of food and medicine. Now modern science is validating what the ancients all knew — and uncovering exciting new discoveries about hemp and the Endocannabinoid System. We are hard-wired with a system of cannabinoid receptors throughout our brains and bodies. When these receptors are activated, they enable two-way communication between body systems; something previously thought to be impossible.

Terpenes

The aroma of cannabis is known to sooth the mind and body. This is known as terpenes – the pungent oils that give cannabis varieties their distinctive flavours such as berry, mint or pine. Until recently, medical research on cannabis has mostly centred around cannabinoids. However, terpenes are believed to be the next frontier in medical marijuana.

The ‘entourage effect’

Terpenes have been shown to block some cannabinoid receptor sites in the brain while promoting cannabinoid binding in others. As a result, terpenes are believed to affect many aspects of how the brain takes in THC or CBD, while offering various therapeutic benefits of their wn. This synergy of effects is known as the ‘entourage”.

Epilepsy Treatment

Alpha-Pinene, Beta-Pinene

  • Aroma: Pine
  • Effects: Alertness, memory retention, counteracts some THC effects
  • Medical Value: Asthma, antiseptic
Multiple Sclerosis

Limonene

  • Aroma: Citrus
  • Effects: Elevated mood, stress relief
  • Medical Value: Antifungal, anti-bacterial, anti-carcinogenic, dissolves gallstones, moodenhancer; may treat gastrointestinal complications, heartburn, depression
Chocolate Bar

Linalool

  • Aroma: Floral, citrus, candy
  • Effects: Anxiety relief and sedation
  • Medical Value: Anti-anxiety, anti-convulsant, anti-depressant, anti-acne
Insomnia Treatment

Myrcene

  • Aroma: Musky, cloves, earthy, herbal with notes of citrus and tropical fruit
  • Effects: Sedating “couchlock effect, relaxing
  • Medical Value: Antioxidant, anti-carcinogenic; good for muscle tension, sleeplessness, pain,
    inflammation, depression
Pain Relief

Caryophyllene

  • Aroma: Pepper, spicy, woody, cloves
  • Effects: No detectable physical effects
  • Medical Value: Gastroprotective, anti-inflammatory; good for arthritis, ulcers, autoimmune
    disorders, and other gastrointestinal complications

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